If you are looking to get a Chow Chow puppy for your household, you shouldn’t consider only the initial cost of buying, but also the long-term expenses of owning one of these pups.
The price of purchasing a pup of any breed is really just the beginning of their cost. You will need to factor in the initial, ongoing, and occasional expenses that come along with owning a pet.
How much does a Chow Chow cost exactly? Well, the average price of a Chow Chow puppy from reputable breeders falls between $800 and $1,200. The price can even go up to $3,800 if the puppy you are looking at comes from a champion bloodline and has won show competitions due to its superior quality.
But, as we said, this is just the price you pay for taking the pup with you. Now, what is the cost of owning a Chow Chow?
The initial cost of settling your new best friend into your home is around $1,100, which covers all the necessary items for your puppy. The monthly cost of Chow ownership is around $35 and covers the basic needs of your canine companion such as treats, foods, and pet insurance.
If one of these adorable fluffy animals has claimed your heart, and you are planning on introducing one to your family, continue with this article and get the up-front information you need when it comes to the initial, ongoing, and long-term expenses of being a Chow owner.
Chow Chow background
Dog experts speculate that the Chow Chow is one of the oldest dog breeds around. It is believed they originated in Mongolia and Northern China.
Apart from its lion-like appearance, the Chow’s most memorable feature may be its blue-black tongue. Another thing that makes them such unique pets is their almost straight rear legs, which give them a stiff, stilted, or choppy gait.
If you like the Chow’s unique appearance and independent spirit, then you will get a fiercely loyal family dog for many years to come!
While all of this seems amazing, the real question is how much does a Chow Chow cost exactly? So, let’s get into it.
The average price for a Chow Chow
The price of buying one of these incredibly fluffy animals ranges between $600 and $3,800 depending on which type of breeder you are purchasing from. Chows are a rare breed and something rare usually means expensive.
Chow Chows come with either a soft coat or a rough coat, and can come in several colors including blue, black, cream, fawn, white, or red.
Both the coat type and the coat color can have a saying in how much a Chow Chow costs. For instance, some colors and coat types may be more expensive depending on where you live and your local supply and demand for these pups. But, more on that in the next section.
Price of a Chow Chow: factors affecting the cost
When determining how much a Chow Chow costs, you have to look at several things that can influence the outcome. Let’s go over the most important factors that can significantly change the cost of a Chow Chow puppy.
Purebred or mixed-breed: In most cases, purebred Chows are sold at a higher price than mixed-breed Chows.
Bloodline and breeder’s reputation: If the parents of your future Chow Chow buddy are purebred show-quality dogs that come from a reputable breeder, then you can expect the price to be significantly higher. Reputable Chow Chow breeders also generally invest more money than other types of breeders in order to take care of their breeding stock and puppies.
Registration papers/pedigree: Most respectable breeders are members of various kennel clubs; the most famous being the American Kennel Club (AKC). Their Chow Chow puppies can also be registered with these clubs, which also adds to the total cost.
Health screenings and medical expenses: Responsible breeders will always have their breeding stock and puppies tested/evaluated for certain medical conditions. Furthermore, some will even take their puppies to the veterinarian for an exam, vaccines, deworming, and microchip implantation before selling them. This does drive the price of your Chow Chow higher, but it also reduces the risk of getting an unhealthy dog.
Training and socialization: Some dog breeders put their puppies up for sale only after they are properly trained and socialized. This will also increase your Chow’s price, but will generate savings as you probably won’t have to invest more money and time into training. On top of that, early training and socialization give a better chance of getting a well-behaved dog in the future.
Breed popularity and the buyer’s location: Local demand and supply will certainly have an impact on the question, “how much does a Chow Chow cost?” For example, small dog breeds tend to be much more popular in city areas where humans live in smaller spaces, while some breeds are more in demand in cold climates. Because of this, it might be worth looking for Chow Chow puppies in different locations. However, it can be risky to purchase a pup without meeting the breeder, seeing the pup yourself, and visiting the kennel.
Age: Since most dog owners want to get their furry friends as young as possible, prices tend to be higher when the dog is younger. For example, on average, an eight-week-old pup is likely to be more expensive than a six-month-old one.
Coat color and markings: Coat color and pattern trends can change rather quickly. For any breed, including the Chow Chow, some colors are more popular than others, but sometimes, only temporarily. When people’s interest in a specific coat color or pattern grows, Chows with these traits get more expensive as an increase in demand is accompanied by a higher market price. Also, when it comes to purebred dogs, only specific colors and color combinations are accepted by kennel clubs. Lastly, Chows with rare colors, such as the famous Panda Chow Chow, can be very expensive as well.
Chow Chow costs: supplies
As with any other dog, you will need several products on hand in order to make raising your Chow Chow puppy a lot easier. This includes items like collars, toys, beds, shampoo, bowls, and sanitary equipment to name just a few.
Based on prices of over 250 Amazon, PetSmart, and Walmart best sellers, essential supplies add up to anywhere between $220 and $860 for the first year. The price range can go a bit lower or higher depending on your location and the quality of items you purchase.
|Supplies prices||Average cost|
|Water and food bowls||$20|
|Dog collars (x2)||$20|
|Plastic poop bags||$60|
|House training pads||$25|
|Stain and odor removal spray||$10|
|ID tag with phone number||$10|
As your Chow puppy grows, the price of supplies goes down significantly. Each year after the first entails expenses ranging from $95 to $385, with an average of $215. This includes rebuying some aforementioned items such as toys, poop bags, shampoo, a toothbrush, and a bed.
This puts the total supplies cost for the first year of owning a Chow Chow between $220 and $855, with the average cost being $450. Each subsequent year should cost between $95 and $385.
Additionally, your pup may require things that we have not listed above such as clothing, fences, muzzles, playpens, harnesses, and other maintenance or cosmetic items. These items will surely push your expenses higher, so keep them in mind when planning your budget.
Cost of a Chow Chow: training
According to expert dog trainers and animal behaviorists, Chow Chows are a one-person breed that usually doesn’t do great around children. These people generally recommend a lot of professional training for these dogs.
Private lessons can help with crate training, potty training, barking, jumping, house manners, and positive leadership. After that, living with your Chow Chow companion should get a lot easier.
Also, private lessons can be a good opportunity to troubleshoot any training problems that your Chow might exhibit. On top of private lessons, group classes for obedience training and socialization (outside the home) are also necessary.
You can expect to pay anywhere between $900 and $1,200 for seven to nine private lessons, and $150 to $200 for five group lessons, depending on where you live.
How much does a Chow Chow cost: medical costs
Licensed veterinarians agree that dog owners should account for medical costs in their pet’s budget. On average, a Chow owner can expect first-year medical expenses to fall around $595.
Additionally, neutering/spaying and perhaps a gastropexy procedure might be considered. These cost between $50 and $450, and $200 and $400, respectively.
For each year after your pup’s first year of life, you can expect to spend around $600 to cover regular trips to the vet. Some additional medication may also be required, such as flea or heartworm prevention.
Veterinary costs for a Chow Chow puppy during the first year
Licensed vets recommend at least three visits to the vet over the course of your puppy’s first year under your care. The first visit should be at roughly eight weeks of age.
Each trip to the vet should fall in the $65 to $170 price range, and this takes care of your pup’s overall health. It includes physical exams, fecal examination, essential vaccines, and flea and heartworm prevention.
In addition, you should also pursue heartworm (to prevent the occurrence of heartworm disease, especially if you live in the Southeast US where this disease is running wild) and flea prevention medication for the rest of the year. This is likely to cost $60 to $105, and $70 to $105 for a puppy, respectively.
Furthermore, your Chow may require vaccines that depend on activities and lifestyle:
Leptospirosis: Leptospirosis is a common issue if a dog is exposed to wildlife or taken on hiking/camping trips often. The cost of a leptospirosis vaccine shot is around $15 to $25, but it is sometimes included with essential vaccines.
Influenza: Influenza medication is usually required if a dog is boarded or kept in a daycare for long periods of time. The cost of influenza medication is around $70 to $90 for two doses.
Lyme: Lyme vaccination is required if your pup is exposed to ticks when camping, hiking, or running around in the woods or on a farm. Typically, the cost of a Lyme vaccination is between $60 and $80 for two doses.
As your Chow begins to grow older, a spaying or neutering procedure may be next in line. The price of these procedures falls in the $150 to $450 price range depending on your local clinics.
You could find places that charge as low as $50 to $100 for the procedure, but we wouldn’t recommend it. Lastly, you should know that spaying a female is slightly more expensive than neutering a male Chow.
A gastropexy procedure is sometimes recommended for deep-chested dogs such as Chow Chows. The procedure usually costs between $200 and $400, and it should be done at the time of the dog’s spay or neuter.
A gastropexy procedure reduces the risks of Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus (GDV) in adult dogs. GDV is a life-threatening condition that must be corrected with surgery.
Veterinary expenses for subsequent years
Each year after your Chow’s first puppy year requires at least one annual visit to the vet. These visits usually range from $125 to $265, and include vaccinations, heartworm tests, and an overall physical exam.
Blood analysis could be recommended for middle-aged and senior dogs in order to determine if there are any hidden medical conditions, and to make sure there is nothing wrong with your Chow.
It is recommended to continue with flea and heartworm prevention medicine, which typically costs between $175 and $250/year, and $80 and $150/year, respectively, for a pup of this size.
Optional vaccines such as Lyme, leptospirosis, and influenza, may require booster shots that cost $15 to $45 each. Finally, a fecal examination may be required in some cases, adding another $40 to $50 to the answer of the question, “how much does a Chow Chow cost”.
How much do Chow Chow dogs cost: health issues
Every Chow Chow owner should be aware of the potential health problems that this breed faces. There are certain health conditions that can be quite expensive to treat, which will significantly increase the cost of owning one of these pups.
Here are the most common health issues that Chow Chows face:
Diabetes mellitus: the cost range of treating this disease ranges between $1,000 and $3,000 depending on whether your Chow was diagnosed, had no complications, was given special food, and was able to be started on insulin injections right away. If that is the case, then you can expect the cost to be in the lower part of the price range.
However, if your pup was sick and had to be hospitalized on one or multiple occasions, and needs more expensive insulin for the rest of its life, then the cost will be significantly higher.
Distichiasis: the cost of treating this condition falls in the $1,500 to $2,000 range. You are essentially paying for cryoepilation surgery to remove the inappropriately placed eyelashes.
Pemphigus foliaceus: the cost of treating this ailment ranges from $500 to $1800, with the low end applying if basic diagnostics and medications are effective. If your dog needs a referral to a dermatologist, along with biopsies and more expensive immunosuppressive medications, the cost will reach the high end of the price range.
Allergies: treating allergies can cost between $100 and $2,000 per year depending on whether your Chow has allergies throughout the year or just one or two flare-ups annually. It also depends on your decision to proceed with allergy testing and injections. Note that your Chow may also need to be fed prescription food, which can easily cost $75 to $100 per month.
Glaucoma: the price range for this condition varies between $300 and $1,500 depending on whether meds alone are enough for treatment or if the affected eye or eyes need to be removed.
Cranial cruciate ligament rupture: this is perhaps the hardest cost to predict, and it ranges between $150 and $3,900. The ideal treatment is usually surgical intervention, which can add between $2,000 and $3,500 to your total expenses on top of diagnostics prior to surgery, such as blood work and X-rays, that cost between $200 and $400. Also, keep in mind that fifty percent of canines that tear a ligament on one knee will tear the ligament on their other knee sooner or later, which will double those costs.
If you opt to avoid surgery and just provide pain management, rest, and physical therapy instead, you can expect to pay around $50 to $300 per month for three or four months. In that case, it would take longer for your Chow to get back to its normal activity level, and this could lead to more severe arthritis in the knee later on, with associated costs, of course.
Joint problems: hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia are common problems in large dogs such as Chows. The cost of hip replacement surgery can be anywhere between $3,500 per hip and $7,000 depending on your Chow’s size, age, condition, overall health, and other factors.
Entropion: this health condition occurs when the eyelids roll inward. This inward rolling results in the hair on the surface of the eyelid rubbing against the cornea and causing pain. Veterinary surgeons and ophthalmologists may charge between $500 and $1,500 to surgically correct this ailment.
How much does a Chow Chow cost: pet insurance
The North American Pet Health Insurance Association states that the average price of insurance for both illness and accident coverage is $565 per year for a pup. Plans that cover only accidents are cheaper, costing around $190.
Getting pet insurance is totally up to you, but it can help mitigate the financial risk that comes with unplanned medical expenses. It is possible to get complete health care coverage with some insurance companies, but you should check your local insurance companies and see what they offer.
As you’ve seen above, some medical conditions affecting the Chow Chow breed can be expensive to treat. Even though purebred canines may have a higher incidence of some inherited disorders, mixed-breed pups are also prone to certain health conditions, such as heart disorders and cancer.
As a Chow owner, you shouldn’t have to make critical decisions about your pet based on your ability to afford care. This is exactly why pet insurance is getting more and more popular each year in the United States.
How much does a Chow cost: food
Chows are big dogs, with large representatives of the breed growing over the average of 60 pounds. As a result, Chow puppies tend to consume 190 pounds of dry dog food on average during their first year of life. This puts the cost of feeding in the $155 to $310 range.
Adult dogs typically eat more, close to 280 pounds a year, and therefore, need between $140 and $450 worth of food every year. This cost estimate is based on the recommendations and costs of four popular food brands: Blue Buffalo, Pedigree, Purina, and Purina One.
You may also want to have some treats on hand in order to help with training or simply pleasing your Chow. Treats can add $125 to $715 to your food-related costs based on prices seen on PetSmart, Amazon, and Walmart.
The average cost of $345 for treats is based on the premise that your Chow gets one big treat every day. If you give your canine companion a treat every other day, you can divide this amount by two. Likewise, if it is once a week, divide it by seven, and so on.
Keep in mind that the prices we listed above are largely related to the quality of treats and food you buy. If you opt for high-quality products, your expenses will grow significantly.
Five popular food brands compared
As we mentioned above, you can expect your Chow puppy to eat around 190 pounds of dry food during its first year. Based on the quantity of food in a bag, the number of bags you need every year, and the unit price, we calculated the total price for each of the popular food brands:
|Puppy food brand||Total price|
|Purina - Puppy chow||$166.68|
|Purina One - Smart Blend puppy||$263.76|
|Pedigree - Puppy||$154.98|
|Blue Buffalo - Puppy||$308.56|
|Royal Canin - Large puppy||$443.94|
An adult Chow will need close to 280 pounds of food depending on its age, weight, and level of activity. Here is a table of the total price of food for the same food brands as above:
|Adult food brands||Total price|
|Purina - dog chow||$137.88|
|Purina One - Smart blend||$282.52|
|Pedigree - Adult||$154.98|
|Blue Buffalo - Adult||$449.80|
|Royal Canin - Large adult||$551.92|
One thing you should know is that even though dog food is perishable, it can be stored for extended periods of time. This means that purchasing large quantities may be a viable option, and will give you the best bargain on the market.
So, you should consider bulk-purchasing dog food for your Chow after consulting with your veterinarian to determine which type of food would best suit your four-legged friend.
How much does a Chow Chow dog cost: Grooming
These high-maintenance dogs could be groomed at home by their owners; however, it would be wise to take your Chow to a professional groomer approximately six times a year.
Taking your Chow to a professional groomer will benefit its health and well-being, and will make your pup look dashing! The price of each visit ranges from $75 to $120.
Professional grooming sessions usually include a bath and shampoo, brushing and styling, hair removal, nail trimming, ear cleaning and plucking (if necessary), teeth brushing, and eye cleaning.
Grooming costs vary depending on multiple factors such as your Chow’s size, health and age, coat condition, behavior, and the service you requested.
A DIY home grooming kit for a Chow Chow can be found for $75 on average at Walmart and PetSmart, or on Amazon.
How much does a Chow Chow dog cost: additional expenses
To definitively answer the question, “how much does a Chow Chow cost”, we have to look at some additional expenses that may be required:
License: Licenses typically fall in the $10 to $20 range in the United States depending on your location. If your Chow is not neutered or spayed, the cost is going to be a little bit higher. We strongly recommend licensing your Chow as it can be illegal to own an unlicensed dog, but this depends on state laws. What matters more is that licensing your Chow makes identification and locating in the case of emergencies much easier.
Microchip: A microchip implant creates a unique ID for your Chow, and allows it to be on medical and emergency databases. Microchips are required in most U.S. states, and they usually range from $25 to $50.
Dog walking: Chow Chows need regular daily exercise. If you haven’t got the time to dedicate to walking your dog, it is recommended that you hire a professional dog walker to do it for you.
Luckily, finding a good dog walker is easy, thanks to apps like Wag and Rover.
Traveling: If you have extended travel plans, then dog boarding services are at your disposal, provided you plan. These services usually cost between $25 and $85 a day depending on the time of year and your location.
During particularly busy times of the year, such as holidays, you will need to reserve a spot for your Chow in advance. This will likely increase your chance of finding availability and getting better rates.
If you wish to save some money while traveling, you can check with friends or family members and see if someone would be willing to host your Chow.
Lastly, if all else fails, you might be able to take your Chow with you as many train companies and airlines offer special provisions to help your furry friend travel by your side. However, you will have to submit a formal request to these airlines and train companies ahead of time and be ready to pay a hefty amount.
Shipping services: If you are buying your Chow puppy from overseas, you will need to factor in the shipping costs, which can be as high as $1,000. The average cost of shipping a canine within 300 miles is between $120 and $300, with longer distances costing up to $500. American Airlines typically charges around $125 to $200 per dog depending on the location and the pup’s size.
How much does a Chow Chow puppy cost: first-year expenses
On average, using the estimates we explained above, the cost of raising a Chow Chow puppy for the first year falls in the $2,290 to $8,670 range, with an average cost of 5,510.
You will have to account for most of these expenses before you welcome your new pet or early during the year.
Additionally, if you choose to neuter/spay your Chow Chow, buy pet insurance, board your dog for a week, and hire a professional dog walker every day of the week for 42 weeks. In this case, the answer to the question, “how much does a Chow Chow cost”, goes up to the $6,750 to 16,140 range.
How much does a Chow cost: yearly cost for adult Chows
After the first puppy year, the costs of raising a dog of this breed go down significantly. The yearly cost of caring for an adult Chow Chow falls within the $750 to $3,115 mark, or $63 to $260 monthly.
But, again, if you choose to hire a professional dog walker every weekday for fifty weeks, and board your Chow for another week, then your costs will increase. If you add pet insurance, the cost of each subsequent year of adult Chow ownership ends up being in the $5,025 to $10,740 range.
The cost of a Chow Chow: recap in seven questions
1. How much is a Chow Chow puppy?
On average, buying one of these puppies will cost $2,250 in the United States. Most Chow puppies can be found between $850 and $3,800. The price of each pup varies depending on the location and breeder, as well as the canine’s bloodline, age, and color, among other things.
2. How much are Chow supplies?
As a new owner, you can expect an initial investment of between $215 and $855 in supplies when welcoming a large dog like a Chow Chow. After the initial investment, the cost to replace some of the items should be between $95 and $385.
3. Do these dogs need training and how much will it cost?
Most Chow owners will agree that having a dog of this breed professionally trained is recommended. You should provide your pup with both private and group training lessons, which will cost around $1,050 to $1,400. When it comes to Chows, training should mainly focus on socialization, house manners, barking, jumping, crate training, positive leadership, and basic obedience.
4. What is the cost of health care for a Chow Chow?
Preventive health care should amount to between $395 and $795 for a Chow puppy during its first year of age, and around $380 to $825 for each year after that. Just keep in mind that this cost estimate does not include neutering/spaying or gastropexy procedures, which usually cost around $150 to $450, and $200 to $400, respectively.
5. How much food does a Chow Chow need and how much will it cost?
A Chow puppy will eat around 190 pounds of dry food a year. An adult dog of this breed will eat close to 280 pounds of food yearly. This puts the annual expenses between $155 and $445 for a puppy, and $140 to $555 for an adult Chow.
6. How often should a Chow be professionally groomed?
Grooming a chow is quite easy, and most owners should be able to do it themselves. However, if you prefer having your Chow professionally groomed, you can expect to pay $75 to $120 for each of the six visits needed annually.
7. Are there any additional expenses to expect?
In the U.S., a dog license usually costs between $10 and $20. The cost can be slightly higher if the pup is not neutered or spayed.
A dog microchip implant usually costs between $25 and $50 on average, and is generally implanted during a medical appointment. Dogs adopted from a shelter or a rescue organization sometimes already have a microchip implanted.
Accident and illness coverage plans go for $565 annually, while accident-only plans cost $190 every year.
Dog walking services usually go for $15 to $25 for 30-minute group walks, and $20 to $45 for hour-long ones. Prices vary depending on your location, and keep in mind that private walks are more expensive.
Chow Chow Puppies for sale: types of breeders
As these types of Chow Chow breeders exist, we have to add them to the list. However, we strongly recommend avoiding these types of breeders.
If you want a healthy Chow pup, never buy from a pet store or a puppy mill. Most Chow Chow puppies sold in pet stores are bred and raised in puppy mills.
Due to lack of attention to genetic issues, inherited disorders, proper socialization, and care, Chow puppies from puppy mills often come with substantial health issues. The price of a Chow from a pet store or a puppy mill ranges between $600 and $800.
Back yard Breeders
Even though this type of breeder may sell you a Chow Chow puppy at a cost that is lesser than what you would pay from other breeders, purchasing from backyard breeders may not be the best decision.
The reason behind this is that back yard breeders are often inexperienced, lack the knowledge to breed high-quality puppies, and cannot make informed breeding decisions.
Purchasing a Chow puppy from one of these breeders may seem like a cheaper option at first glance, but it could end in regrets later on. With some going as far as selling poorly bred Chows at premium prices, your best bet is to steer away from getting your puppy from a back yard breeder.
The price tags for getting a Chow puppy from this type of breeder are in the $500 to $900 range.
Professional dog breeders
These people and organizations are reputable, knowledgeable, and experienced canine breeders who often specialize in a particular breed of dogs. Professional breeders maintain good standards in areas such as appearance, health, and temperament.
A professional breeder will likely have contracts to sign guaranteeing the health of their puppies. They will also be willing to give vital information that you need about their puppies.
But, even among professional breeders, there are different levels of morals and ethics, so aim to find a reputable breeder. Look for those who can provide health clearances for your puppy as well as for its parents.
A purebred Chow Chow dog from an experienced, reputable breeder will cost you between $900 and $1,200.
Where to find a Chow Chow at cheaper prices
Most canines in rescue centers or animal shelters were rescued from harsh conditions. Adopting from these places will help give the pup a better life in addition to saving you money.
You can always opt for adoption if you find the cost of purchasing a purebred Chow puppy from a reputable breeder to be too high. The cost of adoption usually falls in the $300 to $450 price range.
However, you should know that the possibility of finding a Chow Chow puppy for adoption may be limited, so you could end up owning an adult dog of this breed.
Chow Chow rescue centers
Finding a Chow puppy at a rescue center will require you to conduct a search online in order to find shelters and rescue groups that have Chow puppies available for adoption.
You might get lucky and find a Chow Chow puppy, or you might have to settle for an older Chow.
Just keep in mind that adopting a dog of this breed works better if it is still in the puppy stage of life. Bringing a fully grown Chow into your household, especially if you have children, may not be a wise thing to do.
What are the best Chow mixes?
If buying a purebred Chow Chow is a bit too steep for your pocket, you can always opt for some of the Chow mixed breeds.
Just be careful, though, as crossbreed pups can be tricky to predict. There are many things that could lean to one or the other side of the parenting mix.
When it comes to mixing two breeds of similar size, the things you have to focus on are appearance, temperament, and personality. However, when crossing small and large breeds together, sometimes, there is no telling how big their offspring is going to be.
That said, let’s have a look at the best Chow mixes:
1. Lab-Chow (Labrador Retriever x Chow Chow).
2. Chusky (Siberian Husky x Chow Chow).
3. Rottie Chow (Rottweiler Chow Chow).
4. Chow Pei (Shar Pei x Chow Chow).
5. Boxer Chow (Boxer x Chow Chow).
6. Berner Chow (Bernese Mountain Dog x Chow Chow).
7. Chowdoodle (Poodle x Chow Chow).
8. Tibetan Mastiff x Chow Chow.
9. Chow Shepherd (German Shepherd x Chow Chow).
10. Samoyed x Chow Chow.
11. Yorkie Chow (Yorkie x Chow Chow).
Total cost of Chow Chow ownership: conclusion
We hope that our “how much does a Chow Chow cost” guide has given you insight into how expensive this breed can be. Now, it is time to put it all together.
A Chow Chow’s lifespan is approximately ten years on average (usually eight to twelve years). This puts the total expenses, using the estimates above, between $9,575 and $36,700. The average cost of owning a Chow throughout its lifetime is around $21,660.
If you wish to provide your dog with additional services and procedures mentioned earlier, then the average cost of Chow ownership could rise as high as $79,860 over its ten-year lifespan.